Master of Science in Physics
MSc in Physics
MSc in Physics is a postgraduate program that involves the study of fundamental laws of nature and their applications to various fields such as engineering, medicine, electronics, and materials science. The program focuses on developing analytical, problem-solving, and research skills in students through theoretical coursework, laboratory exercises, and research projects. The program typically takes two years to complete and offers students the opportunity to specialize in a particular area of physics such as astrophysics, condensed matter physics, particle physics, and more.
MSc in Physics is an ideal choice for students who have a strong background in mathematics and physics and are interested in pursuing careers in research, academia, or industry. The program provides a solid foundation for students to pursue doctoral studies in physics or related fields. The curriculum also emphasizes the development of practical skills such as data analysis, computer programming, and experimental techniques that are essential for pursuing careers in industry or research and development (R&D) positions.
MSc Physics Course Highlight
|Full-Form||Master of Science in Physics|
|Age||No age limit|
|Eligibility Criteria||A BSc degree with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks and Physics as one of the mandatory subjects is required.|
|Subjects Required||Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.|
|Average Course Fees||INR 20,000 – INR 2,50,000|
|Average Salary Offered||INR 4.5 – INR 10 LPA|
|Employment Roles||Junior Research Fellow, Research Scientist, Medical Physicist, Radiation Physicist, Research Associate, etc.|
|Placement Opportunities||Maruti Udyog, TATA motors, Indian Institute of Patent and Trademark, Tech Mahindra, Infosys, Wipro, CTS, etc.|
Why Study the MSc in Physics Course?
There are several reasons why students may choose to pursue an MSc in Physics:
- Passion for Physics: Students who have a deep interest and passion for physics may choose to pursue this course to further their knowledge and understanding of the subject. The program offers advanced coursework and research opportunities to help students develop their skills in various areas of physics.
- Career Opportunities: An MSc in Physics can open up a wide range of career opportunities in industries such as aerospace, defense, energy, healthcare, and information technology. Graduates can pursue careers in research and development, engineering, software development, data analysis, education, and more.
- Doctoral Studies: The program provides a solid foundation for students who wish to pursue doctoral studies in physics or related fields. The research experience gained during the program can be valuable for students who plan to pursue a career in academia or research.
- Problem-Solving Skills: Physics is a highly analytical and problem-solving-oriented subject. Students who pursue an MSc in Physics can develop strong analytical and problem-solving skills that are highly valued in many industries.
- Intellectual Challenge: The program offers an intellectually challenging environment that can be highly rewarding for students who enjoy exploring complex concepts and theories.
Who Should Study MSc in Physics
MSc in Physics is a highly specialized and technical program that is best suited for students who have a strong interest in physics and want to deepen their knowledge and skills in the field. Here are some of the characteristics of students who may be well-suited for an MSc in Physics:
- Strong Foundation in Physics: Students who have a strong background in physics and mathematics and have a good understanding of the basic principles of classical and modern physics are well-suited for this program.
- Research-Oriented: The program is research-oriented and requires a strong commitment to independent research and experimentation. Students who enjoy research and have an interest in pursuing a career in research or academia are well-suited for this program.
- Analytical and Problem-Solving Skills: Physics is a highly analytical and problem-solving-oriented subject, and students who are skilled in analytical thinking, problem-solving, and critical thinking are well-suited for this program.
- Curiosity and Inquisitiveness: Physics is a subject that requires a deep curiosity and inquisitiveness about how the universe works. Students who have a strong desire to understand the fundamental laws of the universe and enjoy exploring complex concepts and theories are well-suited for this program.
- Future Career Goals: Students who are interested in pursuing a career in industries such as aerospace, defense, energy, healthcare, and information technology, as well as those who plan to pursue doctoral studies in physics or related fields, are well-suited for this program.
When to Study MSc in Physics
The best time to study MSc in Physics depends on individual circumstances and goals. Here are some factors to consider:
- Educational Background: Students who have a strong educational background in physics and mathematics may be ready to pursue MSc in Physics after completing their bachelor’s degree.
- Work Experience: Some students may choose to work in a related field for a few years before pursuing an MSc in Physics. This experience can provide a better understanding of the practical applications of physics and can help students make a more informed decision about their future career goals.
- Career Goals: If a student has a clear idea of their career goals and knows that an MSc in Physics is required to achieve those goals, it may be best to pursue the degree immediately after completing their bachelor’s degree.
- Availability of Resources: Students should also consider the availability of resources, such as funding, scholarships, and research opportunities when deciding when to pursue an MSc in Physics.
Types of MSc in Physics
MSc in Physics is offered in various modes, including regular, distance, and online. Let’s take a look at each of them:
- Regular MSc in Physics: This is a full-time, classroom-based program that requires students to attend classes and participate in laboratory sessions. The program typically takes 2 years to complete.
- Distance MSc in Physics: This program allows students to study from a remote location without attending regular classes. The course materials are provided to the students through online or postal means, and the exams are conducted at designated centers.
- Online MSc in Physics: Similar to distance learning, an online MSc in Physics allows students to access course materials and interact with faculty and peers through online portals. However, the online mode offers greater flexibility, as students can access the course materials at any time and from anywhere.
- Integrated MSc in Physics: Some institutions offer a five-year integrated MSc in Physics program that combines the bachelor’s and master’s degrees. The program provides students with an opportunity to delve deeper into the subject and engage in research activities.
MSc in Physics Admission Process 2023
The admission process for MSc in Physics varies from institution to institution, but generally, the process involves the following steps:
- Check eligibility: Candidates must ensure that they meet the eligibility criteria for the program, which typically includes a bachelor’s degree in Physics or a related field with a minimum percentage of marks.
- Entrance exam: Most institutions require candidates to appear for an entrance exam. The exam may be conducted by the institution itself or by a central authority such as JAM (Joint Admission Test for MSc).
- Application form: Candidates must fill out an application form that includes personal details, academic qualifications, and other relevant information. The application form may be available online or in printed format, and candidates must submit the form along with supporting documents and application fee.
- Selection process: After the entrance exam and application process, institutions may conduct further rounds of selection, such as group discussions, personal interviews, or counseling sessions.
- Admission: Candidates who are selected for admission must complete the admission formalities by submitting required documents, paying fees, and completing other formalities.
MSc in Physics Eligibility
The eligibility criteria for MSc in Physics may vary slightly from institution to institution, but generally, the following criteria apply:
- Educational qualification: Candidates must have a bachelor’s degree in Physics or a related field, such as Electronics, Chemistry, Mathematics, or Engineering, from a recognized university or college.
- Minimum marks: Candidates must have scored a minimum percentage of marks in their bachelor’s degree, which may vary from institution to institution but is typically around 50-60%.
- Entrance exam: Many institutions require candidates to qualify in an entrance exam, which may be conducted by the institution itself or by a central authority such as JAM (Joint Admission Test for MSc).
- Other requirements: Some institutions may have additional requirements, such as work experience, language proficiency, or specific subject prerequisites.
MSc in Physics Entrance Exams
|Entrance Exam||Conducting Body||Exam Date||Application Period||Exam Mode|
|GATE||Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)||February||September to October||Online|
|JEST||Joint Entrance Screening Test||February||November to December||Online|
|NEST||National Entrance Screening Test||June||January to March||Online|
|IISc Entrance Exam||Indian Institute of Science (IISc)||April||February to March||Online|
|BHU PET||Banaras Hindu University (BHU)||August||January to February||Online|
|JAM||Joint Admission Test for MSc||February||September to October||Online|
MSc in Physics Syllabus
|Mathematical Methods||Nuclear Physics|
|Classical Mechanics||Relativity and Cosmology|
|Quantum Mechanics||Classical Electrodynamics|
|Solid State Physics||Statistical Mechanics|
|Atomic Spectroscopy||Group Theory|
MSc in Physics Subjects
|First||Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Electrodynamics, Mathematical Methods for Physics|
|Second||Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Solid State Physics, Electronics|
|Third||Nuclear and Particle Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, Computational Physics, Optics|
|Fourth||Astrophysics and Cosmology, Quantum Field Theory, Advanced Condensed Matter Physics, Research Project|
MSc in Physics Important Books
|Classical Mechanics||Herbert Goldstein||Classical Mechanics|
|Quantum Mechanics||David J. Griffiths||Introduction to Quantum Mechanics|
|Electrodynamics||David J. Griffiths||Introduction to Electrodynamics|
|Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics||Daniel V. Schroeder||An Introduction to Thermal Physics|
|Atomic and Molecular Physics||Bransden and Joachain||Physics of Atoms and Molecules|
|Solid State Physics||Charles Kittel||Introduction to Solid State Physics|
|Electronics||Floyd and Jain||Digital Fundamentals|
|Nuclear and Particle Physics||W. E. Burcham||Nuclear Physics|
|Condensed Matter Physics||Michael Marder||Condensed Matter Physics|
|Computational Physics||Mark Newman||Computational Physics|
MSc in Physics Top College and Fees in India
Fees (per year)
|Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay||Mumbai, Maharashtra||INR 46,000|
|Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore||Bangalore, Karnataka||INR 37,000|
|Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi||New Delhi, Delhi||INR 38,000|
|University of Delhi (DU)||Delhi, Delhi||INR 12,000|
|University of Hyderabad (UoH)||Hyderabad, Telangana||INR 15,000|
|Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur||Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh||INR 32,000|
|Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras||Chennai, Tamil Nadu||INR 37,000|
|Jadavpur University||Kolkata, West Bengal||INR 10,000|
|University of Calcutta||Kolkata, West Bengal||INR 3,000|
|Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)||New Delhi, Delhi||INR 6,000|
MSc in Physics VS MSc in Applied Physics
|Aspect||MSc in Physics||MSc in Applied Physics|
|Program Focus||Fundamental concepts of Physics||Application of Physics in technological and industrial fields|
|Course Content||Theoretical and experimental aspects of Physics||Physics principles applied in various fields|
|Job Roles||Researcher, Professor, Scientist, Data Analyst||R&D Engineer, Product Developer, Design Engineer, Technologist|
|Salary Range||INR 3-8 LPA (entry-level) and INR 20+ LPA (mid-career)||INR 3-10 LPA (entry-level) and INR 20+ LPA (mid-career)|
|Top Colleges||Indian Institute of Science, Chennai Mathematical Institute, University of Delhi||Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhopal|
|Popular Career Options||Researcher, Professor, Scientist, Data Analyst, Consultant||R&D Engineer, Product Developer, Design Engineer, Technologist, Consultant|
MSc in Physics Scope
The scope of MSc in Physics is vast and diverse, with career opportunities available in both academic and non-academic fields. Some of the career paths that an MSc in Physics graduate can pursue are:
- Research Scientist: MSc Physics graduates can work as research scientists in various government and private research organizations, such as the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
- Academician: Graduates can pursue an academic career and become professors or lecturers in universities and colleges. They can also work as research associates in academic research projects.
- Engineer: MSc Physics graduates can also work as engineers in various industries, such as aerospace, electronics, and telecommunications. They can work in design, development, and testing of various products and technologies.
- Data Analyst: With the increasing importance of data analysis in various industries, MSc Physics graduates can also work as data analysts in various fields, such as finance, healthcare, and marketing.
- Science Writer: Graduates can also pursue a career in science writing, where they can write and communicate scientific concepts and research to the general public through books, articles, and blogs.
- Entrepreneur: MSc Physics graduates with a passion for entrepreneurship can also start their own companies and work on developing innovative products and technologies.
MSc in Physics Jobs and Salary
|Job Title||Job Description||Average Salary (per annum in INR)|
|Research Scientist||Conduct research experiments, analyze data, and develop scientific theories and models||5,00,000 – 10,00,000|
|Data Analyst||Collect, analyze, and interpret large sets of data, and use statistical methods to draw conclusions||3,00,000 – 8,00,000|
|Software Developer||Design and develop software applications and systems, often using scientific or technical programming languages||3,50,000 – 10,00,000|
|Physics Professor/Lecturer||Teach physics to undergraduate and graduate students, develop course materials and assessments, and conduct research in the field||4,00,000 – 12,00,000|
|Aerospace Engineer||Design and develop aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and other aerospace-related systems using principles of physics and engineering||5,00,000 – 15,00,000|
|Data Scientist||Analyze and interpret complex data sets using statistical and machine learning techniques, and develop algorithms to automate data analysis processes||6,00,000 – 20,00,000|
|Medical Physicist||Use physics principles and techniques to develop and maintain medical equipment, ensure its safety, and assist in patient treatment||6,00,000 – 15,00,000|
|Renewable Energy Engineer||Design and develop renewable energy systems, such as solar, wind, or hydroelectric power plants, using principles of physics and engineering||4,00,000 – 12,00,000|
MSc in Physics Top Recruiter
|Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)||Space and Aerospace|
|Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)||Defense and Aerospace|
|Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)||Research and Education|
|Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)||Nuclear Research and Energy|
|CERN||Particle Physics Research|
|Intel||Technology and Semiconductor|
|General Electric (GE)||Technology and Energy|
MSc in Physics: FAQs
|Subject Code||Subject Type||Subject Name||Credits|
|Subject Code||Subject Type||Subject Name||Credits|
|MPHP201||Theory||Numerical Method and Computer Programming||6|
|MPHP202||Theory||Atomic and Molecular Physics||6|
|MPHP203||Theory||Statical and Solid State Physics||6|